Rodents are one of the most successful animals on the planet. They are spread all throughout the world, because they can easily adapt to almost any condition. Though they may have a short life span, rodents can reproduce really fast. They also consume alarming amounts of food and are very comfortable living with humans, since they also consume what we consume. Though not every rodent is a carrier of diseases, their urine and feces can cause illness in humans, so it is important to deal with these pests as soon as they enter your home.
Rodents are omnivores and can consume wide range of food stuffs around your house. From cereals to meat, they will feed on it as long as it is exposed to them. They usually go out and feed when it is dark, because they try to avoid light. So any food that is left in the open in a dark room will surely be consumed by rodents.
Much larger than a mouse rats can reach up to 10 inches in length, and live up to 2 years. They can usually be found in places where there is a nearby body of water, and ample food supply. Female rats can give birth to 7-14 pups in one pregnancy, and can breed right away after giving birth. After 5 weeks of being born, rats can start breeding. They live among humans because they can easily consume food that have been disposed of. Due to the area where they normally dwell, they can carry with them deadly pathogens.
Due to their small size, mice can easily hide in your house, and can freely move around without you noticing. True to the characteristics of rodent pests, mice avoid light and are most active during the night. Though they weigh only 45 grams, mice are voracious eaters. They even feed on their own feces to acquire nutrients found in their intestines. Females can produce 3-14 pups per litter, and are able to produce 5-10 litters in a year. Though they are not known to be carriers of deadly pathogens, their urine and feces may cause illness if ingested.